In Massachusetts, four new criminal human trafficking cases were filed in federal courts in 2020. Two defendants were convicted. 100 percent of active defendants were charged with sex trafficking, and zero percent were charged with forced labor. Federal courts ordered zero out of two convicted defendants to pay restitution to their victims, a decline from 2019, in which federal courts ordered one of three convicted Massachusetts defendants to pay restitution.

*Each State Report’s findings are derived from data the Human Trafficking Institute compiled for the 2020 Federal Human Trafficking Report. Findings are not a prevalence
estimate of trafficking in the state but instead serve as an objective summary of federal efforts to address human trafficking in that state. The Report does not capture
data from state prosecutions, federal or state civil suits, or unreported human trafficking cases.